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Outline of Genesis Chapter 4

  1. Two sons born (Cain and Abel) to Adam and Eve - 1,2
  2. Two offerings are brought to the Lord – 3,4
  3. Cain’s offering not accepted, and he is angered – 5
  4. God speaks with an angry Cain and explains the outcome of his anger – 6,7
  5. Cain kills his brother Abel – 8
  6. Cain is questioned by God and found out – 9,10
  7. Cain receives punishment from the Lord – 11-14
  8. A mark is put upon Cain so he is not killed - 15
  9. Cain went out from the presence of the Lord – 16
  10. Cain and his wife bear children – 17,18
  11. Lamech commits polygamy – 19
  12. Lamech’s sons are herdsmen, musicians and blacksmiths – 20-22
  13. Lamech commits two murders – 23,24
  14. Adam and Eve bare Seth (the godly line ) – 25,26


Questions from Genesis Chapter 4

  1. Is there any reason to believe that Cain and Abel were twins? Answer – I see no reason to believe these brothers were twins. Simply reading the verse tells me that Cain was born first and then at some later time Abel was born. They may have been close in age but not twins. I am not dogmatic because there is room to believe the births were successive but I don’t hold to that.
  2. Why was Abel’s offering accepted and not Cain’s? Answer – There would certainly be a good reason why God would not accept Cain’s offering that he worked so hard for. We can conclude that Adam would have told his sons what sacrifice was appropriate to bring unto God. Bringing an offering to God was a token of worship and God only accepted a certain sacrifice. Since the two sons were told what was acceptable as an offering than they knew that only a lamb would have been the appropriate sacrifice and not the work of their own hands. Abel wanted to impress the Lord but God only accepts the lamb and the blood as an offering, typifying His Only Son Jesus Christ. 
  3. What is the root of Cain’s anger and murder of his own brother? Answer – It seems that Cain being the older brother wanted to impress not only God but his brother. Pride is what caused Cain’s anger! He felt he wasn’t treated fairly by God. He thought all his hard work should be noticed and that he should have gotten a pat on the back and lifted up as doing something great. God doesn’t accept our works but only the Substitute of the Lamb when it comes to pleasing Him and being an acceptable offering and worship. Cain’s pride was hurt and he took it out on his brother in anger, which became wrath and malice leading to the first murder.
  4. Who were those that Cain was afraid of would slay him? Answer? – Well, we must conclude that the time between Cain and Abel bringing their offering and their birth there were more brothers and sisters born. Genesis 4:3  And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. There was no one else on the earth but Adam, Eve and their offspring. Not knowing how much time passes between those two periods there could have many people born and living amongst this growing family. Note: There is also the possibility that in Genesis 4:14  Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me. We might agree that Cain is speaking of those that will be born and seek him to kill him. It is one or the other as I see it.
  5. What was the mark upon Cain? Answer – Not sure! In Ezra we know the Lord gave command to set a visible mark on the foreheads of certain men. I don’t know if the mark on Cain was a visible mark but it certainly distinguished Cain from everyone else. Others knew to leave Cain alone so God made it clear to others in some way.
  6. Why would Lamech think to take two wives? (The first mention of polygamy) Answer – I believe in a relatively short time (a few hundred years) we see the corrupting, defiling nature of sin. Lamech is of the line of Cain and sin has done its dirty work where man now abandons God ideal of one man and one woman.
  7.  Would Seth be the third son of Adam? And a restoration of a godly line? Answer – Genesis 4:25  And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.  It seems that this verse is telling us that Seth was the next born after the death of Abel. This information could also solidify the latter part of my answer to question 4 about who Cain feared. Verse 26 says from Seth came Enos and then man began to call upon the Lord.

Mark 16:15 "And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature."

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